Connect with us

FEATURES

Limit Self-Driving Cars to Lower The Risk Factor

Published

on


Analysis of multiple standards of convenience versus cost due to the introduction of self-driving autonomous vehicles Would it be more beneficial to allow autonomous vehicles (AVs) to roll on the road? Or is the risk higher? Self-driving cars are good in many ways, but the risks are not completely gone.

The scientists published findings that looked at the differences between benefits and risks. The bottom line is that the introduction of autonomous vehicles is more profitable than it is today. One of the highlights is that it is more profitable to regulate while owning a business than to allow individuals to own unconditionally.

Autonomous driving

A team of researchers from North Carolina State University in the US published the results of a study in the journal PLOS One that evaluated the potential risks and benefits of deploying autonomous vehicles (AVs) on US roads. ., Mobilizing experts from various fields.

“We wanted to assess the potential risks and benefits associated with VA and determine what the best execution strategy is to minimize risk and maximize convenience,” says Veljko Dubljević, professor of science, technology and society (STS) programs at the university.

THE DEPLOYMENT OF AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES ON PUBLIC ROADS IS A COMPLEX SOCIAL PROBLEM THAT HITS EVERYTHING, FROM ETHICS, TRAFFIC ENGINEERING AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) PROGRAMMING. IN THE EVENT OF HUMAN INJURY, THE STANDARDS OF EACH PERSON AND CULTURE VARY FROM PERSON TO PERSON AND CULTURE.

It is also unclear whether the owner of the autonomous vehicle should be asked about the crash in the event of an accident, the company that developed the autonomous driving software, or the manufacturer of the autonomous vehicle.

19 experts evaluated in 4 scenarios

There are not many ways to assess social problems so complex that they twist the problem further. “One approach is to break down the big issues into a more specific set of questions and assess the different potential risks and benefits separately,” said dubljevic. This approach is called multi-baseline decision analysis.

FOR THE STUDY, THE RESEARCHERS SET FOUR SCENARIOS FOR THE FUTURE OF AV.

(1) First of all, it is a scenario that does not allow AV on public roads.
(2) AV is allowed without regulation.
(3) AV is allowed but regulated.
(4) Only commercial operators with multiple AVs will be regulated and owned.

The researchers then convened a panel of 19 experts with experience in fields such as computer science, political science, transportation, and ethics.

the expert panel compiled a list of 13 potential risks and eight potential benefits. the list is based on input from a panel of 19 experts, as well as documents from national academics and other federal institutions. Potential risks include an assessment of the increased risk of accidental death or injury cases. Possible benefits included reducing the environmental impact of reduced traffic and economic benefits.

THE EXPERT PANEL REVIEWED FOUR AV DEPLOYMENT SCENARIOS TO DETERMINE WHICH SCENARIOS HAD THE HIGHEST CONVENIENCE TO PERFORMANCE RATIO.

However, in the benefits of autonomous vehicles, scenario (4) of owning and operating autonomous vehicles by commercial companies was the highest at least 4. Scenario (3), which is owned but regulated by private property, is out of about 3.6, and (2) the scenarios that require you to own without any regulation are about 2.5.

SIMILARLY, IN THE RISK MEASUREMENT, (4) SCENARIOS WERE THE LOWEST WITH NEAR 1.0 AND (3) SCENARIOS WERE APPROXIMATELY 1.5 AND (2) SCENARIOS WERE APPROXIMATELY 1.8. THE RISK OF THE CURRENT SITUATION INCREASED AROUND 2.5. THE BIGGEST RISK IS PROHIBITING AV USE ON US ROADS.

The introduction of autonomous vehicles reduces the risks that currently

“AV is not perfect, but all of our predictions suggest that AV is going to take a step in the right direction,” said co-author George List, a professor at North Carolina State University.

THE EXPERTS HAVE MADE THAT GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS CAN HELP REDUCE RISK. REGULATIONS THAT SEEM TO RESTRICT THE USE OF AVS IN CITIES AND HEAVY AREAS FOR PEDESTRIANS MAY ALSO BE INTRODUCED TO REDUCE THE RISK.

LIMITING OWNERSHIP TO OPERATORS THAT OPERATE MULTIPLE AV VEHICLES COMMERCIALLY IS THE GREATEST BENEFIT AND THE LOWEST RISK IS RESPONSIBLE MANAGEMENT. OPERATORS EXPECT IT TO BE EASIER TO MAINTAIN AV PROPERLY, PERFORM TIMELY SOFTWARE UPDATES AND MORE.

“We hope that the federal, state and local governments will use the results of this research to review or develop regulations on all regulations related to the use of autonomous vehicles,” said dubljevic.



Continue Reading
Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Trending